Classroom Courses

Upsc- IAS- Scheme of Examination                     

Civil Service Examination 2017
Age Limits
21-32 years as on 18th June, 2017 for General Category/Creamy Layer OBC Candidates.

Relaxed by 5 years for SC/ST Categories, for 3 years for OBC Non Creamy Layer and 10

years for PH Category candidates.


Educational Qualification

Degree of a Recognised University or equivalent.

Candidates appearing in the requisite Degree qualification are also eligible for appearing in the examination; however, they are supposed to submit proof of passing the requisite qualification along with Detailed Application Form for Civil Services (Main) Examination, 2016.

Scheme of CS (Preliminary) Examination


The Preliminary Examination consists of two papers of objective type (multiple-choice questions) carrying a maximum of 400 marks. The Question Papers (Test Booklets) are set in English & Hindi. There will be negative marking of one-third marks of the question as penalty for answering it wrong.

General Studies Paper – I 200 Marks, 100 questions
*General Studies Paper – II 200 Marks, 80 questions


* General Studies Paper-II is qualifying with having minimum marks as 33% of the total marks i.e. 66 marks.
The Commission will draw a list of candidates to be qualified for Civil Services (Main)

Examination based on the minimum qualifying marks in General Studies Paper- II and total marks in General Studies Paper-1.


Scheme of CS (Main) Examination:

The written examination will consist of the following papers:—

Qualifying Papers:

Paper-A (One of the Indian Language to be selected by the candidate from the Languages

included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution) and Paper –B English (Each of 300



Papers to be counted for merit

Paper-I – Essay —                                      250 Marks
Paper-II – General Studies-I                      250 Marks

Paper-III – General Studies –II                  250 Marks
Paper-IV – General Studies –III                250 Marks

Paper-V – General Studies – IV                250 Marks

Paper-VI – Optional Subject – Paper 1     250 Marks

Paper-VII – Optional Subject – Paper 2    250 Marks

Total (Written test)                              1750 Marks

Personality Test                                        275 Marks

Grand Total                                          2025 Marks



UPSC Preliminary Examination Syllabus 2017


Syllabus of Paper I -(200 marks) Duration : Two hours

  • Current events of national and international importance.
  • History of India and Indian National Movement.
  • Indian and World Geography – Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.
  • Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
  • Economic and Social Development – Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc.
  • General issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change – that do not require subject specialisation General Science.


Syllabus for Paper II-(200 marks) Duration: Two hour

  • Comprehension
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills;
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability
  • Decision-making and problem solving
  • General mental ability
  • Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. – Class X level)

Note 1: The CSAT aptitude test or Paper-II of the Civil Services (Preliminary) examination will be a qualifying paper only with a minimum of 33% to be secured to sit for the Civil Services (Mains) exam.



PAPER-1 ESSAY- 250 marks

Candidates will be required to write an essay on a specific topic. The choice of subjects will be given. They will be expected to keep closely to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion, and to write concisely. Credit will be given for effective and exact expression. English comprehension &English précis will be test the English language Comprehension and English précis writing skills (at 10th standard level).


 General Studies-1 ,  Paper – II  – 250 marks

(Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society)

  1. Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
  2. Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present significant events, personalities, issues.
  3. The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors or contributions from different parts of the country.
  4. Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
  5. History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc. – their forms and effect on the society.
  6. Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
  7. Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
  8. Effects of globalization on Indian society.
  9. Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
  10. Salient features of world’s physical geography.
  11. Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian subcontinent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India).
  12. Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location – changes in critical geographical features (including waterbodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.


General Studies-2 , Paper –III  – 250 marks

(Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)

  1. Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
  2. Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
  3. Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
  4. Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries.
  5. Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
  6. Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
  7. Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
  8. Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
  9. Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.
  10. Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
  11. Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.
  12. Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
  13. Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector or Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
  14. Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
  15. Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
  16. Role of civil services in a democracy.
  17. India and its neighbour hood- relations.
  18. Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.
  19. Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.
  20. Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.


General Studies-3, Paper – IV – 250 marks

(Technology, Economic Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)

  1. Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.
  2. Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
  3. Government Budgeting.
  4. Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.
  5. Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
  6. Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
  7. Land reforms in India.
  8. Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
  9. Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways, etc.
  10. Investment models.
  11. Science and Technology – developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
  12. Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
  13. Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
  14. Disaster and disaster management.
  15. Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
  16. Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
  17. Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention.
  18. Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism.
  19. Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.


General Studies-4  Paper – V      (Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude)

This paper will include questions to test the candidates’ attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society. Questions may utilise the case study approach to determine these aspects. The following broad areas will be covered.

  • Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
  • Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
  • Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weakersections.
  • Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.
  • Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
  • Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
  • Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.
  • Case Studies on above issues.


Paper- VI and VII
Optional Subjects

  1. Agriculture
  2. Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science
  • Anthropology
  1. Botany
  2. Chemistry
  3. Civil Engineering
  • Commerce and Accountancy
  • Economics
  1. Electrical Engineering
  2. Geography
  3. Geology
  • History
  • Law
  • Management
  1. Mathematics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Medical Science
  • Philosophy
  • Physics
  1. Political Science and International Relations
  • Psychology
  • Public Administration
  • Sociology
  • Statistics
  • Zoology

You can opt for the literatures of a language as an optional subject, only if you have graduated in the literature of that particular language as the main subject.


Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu, English
Upsc- IFoS- Scheme of Examination


BRIEF DETAILS: The Indian Forest Service (IFS) is one of the three All India Services, the othertwo being the Indian Administrative Service & the Indian Police Service. Indian Forest Service Examination, a three stage examination (Preliminary, Main and Interview) process is conducted by the Commission to recommend the candidates for appointment in Indian Forest Service by the Government.

Tentative Schedule
(i) Notification of Examination 27th April, 2016
(ii) Conduct of CS (Prelim) Examination 7th  August, 2016
(iii) Conduct of IFoS (Main) Examination 12th  November, 2016


Age Limits

21-32 years as on 1st August, 2016 for General Category/Creamy Layer OBC Candidates.

Relaxed by 5 years for SC/ST Categories, for 3 years for OBC Non Creamy Layer and 10

years for PH Category candidates.


Educational Qualification

The candidate must hold a Bachelor’s degree with at least one of the subjects namely Animal

Husbandry & Veterinary Science, Botany, Chemistry, Geology, Mathematics, Physics, Statistics and Zoology or a Bachelor’s degree in Agriculture, Forestry or in Engineering.



The Preliminary Examination consists of two papers of objective type (multiple-choice questions) carrying a maximum of 400 marks. The Question Papers (Test Booklets) are set in English & Hindi. There will be negative marking of one-third marks of the question as penalty for answering it wrong.


General Studies Paper – I 200 Marks, 100 questions
*General Studies Paper – II 200 Marks, 80 questions


* General Studies Paper-II is qualifying with having minimum marks as 33% of the total marks i.e. 66 marks.
The Commission will draw a list of candidates to be qualified for Indian Forest Services(Main) Examination based on the minimum qualifying marks in General Studies Paper- II and total marks in General Studies Paper-1.


The written examination consisting of the following papers:‐

Si.No  Subject Maximum Marks
Paper 1 General English 300
Paper 2 General Studies 300
Paper 3 Optional subjects 1 200
Paper 4 Optional subjects 1 200
Paper 5 Optional subjects 2 200
Paper 6 Optional subjects 2 200
Personality Test 300
Total 1700


Main Examination

The  standard  of  papers  in  General  English  and  General  Knowledge  will  be  such  as  may  be  expected  of  a Science or Engineering graduate of an Indian University.



Candidates will be required to write an essay in English. Other questions will be designed to test their understanding of English and workmanlike use of words. Passages will usually be  set for summary or precis.





General Knowledge including knowledge of current events and of such matters of every day observation and  experience in their scientific aspects as may be expected of an educated person who has not made a special  study of any scientific subject. The paper will also include questions on Indian Polity including the political  system and the Constitution of India, History of India and Geography of a nature which the candidate should  be able to answer without special study.



Total number of questions in the question papers of optional subjects will be eight. All questions will carry equal marks.  Each paper will  be  divided  into  two  parts,  viz.  Part  A  and  Part  B,  each  part  containing  four  questions.  Out  of  eight  questions,  five  questions  are to  be  attempted.  One question in  each  part  will  be compulsory. Candidates will be required to answer three more questions out of the remaining six questions, taking at least one question from each Part. In this way, at least two questions will be attempted from each

Part i.e. one compulsory question plus one more. 


Optional Subjects

  1. Agriculture
  2. Agricultural Engineering
  • Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science
  1. Botany
  2. Chemistry
  3. Chemical Engineering
  • Civil Engineering
  • Forestry
  1. Geology
  2. Mathematics
  3. Mechanical Engineering
  • Physics
  • Statistics
  • Zoology

You are not be allowed to take the following combination of subjects:


  1. Agriculture and Agricultural Engineering
  2. Agriculture and Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science
  • Agriculture and Forestry
  1. Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
  2. Mathematics and Statistics
  3. Not more than one of the Engineering subjects viz. Agricultural Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Civil Engineering and Mechanical Engineering


Upsc- IES/ISS-  Scheme of Examination                     




Age Limit: A candidate must have attained the age of 21 years and must not have attained the age of 30 years on 1st August, 2016.


Minimum Educational Qualifications:

(a) A candidate for the Indian Economic Service must have obtained a Post-Graduate Degree in Economics/Applied Economics/Business Economics/Econometrics.


(b) A candidate for the Indian Statistical Service must have obtained a Bachelor’s Degree with Statistics/Mathematical Statistics/Applied Statistics as one of the subject or a Master’s degree in Statistics/Mathematical Statistics/Applied Statistics.


The Examination process includes two stages i.e Part –I Written examination carrying a maximum of 1000 marks in the subjects and Part II-Viva voce of such candidates as may be called by the Commission carrying a maximum of 200 marks.


Indian Economic Service

Si.No  Subject Maximum Marks Time
1 General English 100 3 hrs
2 General Studies 100 3hrs
3 General Economics-I 200 3hrs
4 General Economics-II 200 3hrs
5 General Economics-III 200 3hrs
6 Indian Economics 200 3hrs


Minimum Marks in 4 Economic Papers (out of 800 marks)

Category Marks
General 259
OBC 221
SC 189
ST 158

Minimum Marks in All Six Papers (out of 1000 marks)

Category Marks
General 338
OBC 279
SC 242
ST 213

Minimum Marks of Last Recommended Candidate (out of 1200 marks) 

Category Marks
General 489
OBC 385
SC 407
ST 334



ISS/IES General English and General Studies Syllabus

The standard of papers in General English and General Studies will be such as may be expected of a graduate of an Indian University. The standard of papers in the other subjects will be that of the Master’s degree examination of an Indian University in the relevant disciplines. The candidates will be expected to illustrate theory by facts, and to analyse problems with the help of theory. They will be expected to be particularly conversant with Indian problems in the field of Economic or Statistics.

General English

Candidates will be required to write an essay in English. Other questions will be designed to test their understanding of English and workmanlike use of words. Passages will usually be set for summary or precis.

General Studies

General Knowledge including knowledge of current events and of such matters of every day observation and experience in their scientific aspects as may be expected of an educated person who has not made a special study of any scientific subject. The paper will also include questions on Indian Polity including the political system and the Constitution of India, History of India and Geography of a nature which the candidate should be able to answer without special study.

IES General Economics I  Paper

Part A

  1. Theory of Consumer’s Demand:Cardinal utility Analysis; Marginal utility and demand, Consumer’s surplus, Indifference curve Analysis and utility function, Price income and substitution effects, Slutsky theorem and derivation of demand curve, Revealed preference theory. Duality and indirect utility function and expenditure function, Choice under risk and uncertainty.
  2. Theory of Production:Factors of production and production function. Forms of Production Functions: Cobb-Douglas, CES and Fixed coefficient type, Translog production function. Laws of return, Returns to scale and Return to factors of production. Duality and cost function, Measures of productive efficiency of firms, technical and allocative efficiency. Partial Equilibrium versus General Equilibrium approach. Equilibrium of the firm and industry.
  3. Theory of Value:Pricing under different market structures, public sector pricing, marginal cost pricing, peak load pricing, cross-subsidy free pricing and average cost pricing. Marshallian and Walrasian stability analysis. Pricing with incomplete information and moral hazard problems.
  4. Theory of Distribution:Neo classical distribution theories; Marginal productivity theory of determination of factor prices, Factor shares and adding up problems. Euler’s theorem, Pricing of factors under imperfect competition, monopoly and bilateral monopoly. Macro-distribution theories of Ricardo, Marx, Kaldor, Kalecki.
  5. Welfare Economics:Inter-personal comparison and aggregation problem, Public goods and externality, Divergence between social and private welfare, compensation principle. Pareto optimality. Social choice and other recent schools, including Coase and Sen and Game theory.

Part B

Quantitative Methods in Economics:

  1. Mathematical Methods in Economics:Differentiation and Integration and their application in economics. Optimisation techniques, Sets, Matrices and their application in economics. Linear algebra and Linear programming in economics and Input-output model of Leontief.
  2. Statistical and Econometric Methods:Measures of central tendency and dispersions, Correlation and Regression. Time series. Index numbers. Sampling and Survey methods. Testing of hypothesis, simple non-parametric tests. Drawing of curves based on various linear and non-linear function. Least square methods and other multivariate analysis (only concepts and interpretation of results). Analysis of Variance, Factor analysis, Principle component analysis, Discriminant analysis. Income distribution: Pareto law of Distribution, lognormal distribution, measurement of income inequality. Lorenze curve and Gini coefficient.

IES General Economics II Paper

  1. Economic Thought:Mercantilism Physiocrats, Clasical, Marxist, Neo-classical, Keynesian and Monetarist schools of thought.
  2. Concept of National Income and Social Accounting:Measurement of National Income, Inter relationship between three measures of national income in the presence of the Government sector and International transactions. Environmental considerations, Green national income.
  3. Theory of employment, Output, Inflation, Money and Finance:The Classical theory of Employment and Output and Neo classical approaches. Equilibrium, analysis under classical and neo classical analysis. Keynesian theory of Employment and output. Post Keynesian developments. The inflationary gap; Demand pull versus cost push inflation, the Philip’s curve and its policy implication. Classical theory on Money, Quantity theory of Money. Friedman’s restatement of the quantity theory, the neutrality of money. The supply and demand for loanable funds and equilibrium in financial markets, Keynes’ theory on demand for money.
  4. Financial and Capital Market:Finance and economic development, financial markets, stock market, gift market, banking and insurance. Equity markets, Role of Primary and Secondary markets and efficiency, Derivatives markets; Futures and options.
  5. Economic Growth and Development:Concepts of Economic Growth and Development and their measurement: characteristics of less developed countries and obstacles to their development – growth, poverty and income distribution. Theories of growth: Classical Approach: Adam Smith, Marx and Schumpeter – Neo classical approach; Robinson, Solow, Kaldor and harrod Domar. Theories of Economic Development, rostow, Rosenstein-Roden, Nurske, Hirschman, Leibenstien and Arthur Lewis, Amin and Frank (Dependency school) respective role of the state and the market. Utilitarian and Welfariest approach to social development and A K Sen’s critique. Sen’s capability approach to economic development. The Human Development Index. Physical quality of Life Index and Human Povery Index.
  6. International Economics:Gains from International Trade, Terms of Trade, policy, international trade and economic development – Theories of International Trade; Ricardo, Haberler, Heckscher-Ohlin and Stopler-Samuelson – Theory of Tariffs – Regional Trade Arrangements.
  7. Balance of Payments:Disequilibrium in Balance of Payments, Mechanism of Adjustments, Foreign Trade Multiplier, Exchange Rates, Import and Exchange Controls and Multiple Exchange Rates.
  8. Global Institutions:UN agencies dealing with economic aspects, World Bank, IMF and WTO, Multinational Corporations.

IES General Economics III Paper

  1. Public Finance:Theories of taxation: Optimal taxes and tax reforms, incidence of taxation; Theories of public expenditure: objectives and effects of public expenditure, public expenditure policy and social cost benefit analysis, criteria of public investment decisions social rate of discount, shadow prices of investment, unskilled labour and foreign exchange. Budgetary deficits. Theory of public debt management.
  2. Environmental Economics:Environmentally sustainable development, Green GDP, UN Methodology of Integrated Environmental and Economic Accounting. Environmental Values: Users and non-users values; option value. Valuation Methods: Stated and revealed preference methods. Design of Environmental Policy Instruments: Pollution taxes and pollution permits, collective action and informal regulation by local communities. Theories of exhaustible and renewable resources. International environmental agreements. Climatic change problems. Kyoto protocol, tradable permits and carbon taxes.
  3. Industrial Economics:Market structure, conduct and performance of firms, product differentiation and market concentration, monopolistic price theory and oligopolistic interdependence and pricing, entry preventing pricing, micro level investment decisions and the behavior of firms, research and development and innovation, market structure and profitability, public policy and development of firms.
  4. State, Market and Planning:Planning in a developing economy. Planning regulation and market. Indicative Planning. Decentralised Planning.

IES Indian Economics Syllabus

  1. History of Development and Planning:Alternative Development Strategies – goal of self reliance based on import substitution and protection, the post 1991 globalisation strategies based on stabilization and structural adjustment packages: fiscal reforms, financial sector reforms and trade reforms.
  2. Federal Finance:Constitutional provisions relating to fiscal and financial powers of the states, Finance Commissions and their formulae for sharing taxes, Financial aspect of Sarkaria Commission Report, Financial aspects of 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments.
  3. Poverty, Unemployment and Human Development:Estimates of inequality and poverty measures for India, appraisal of Government measures, India’s human development record in global perspective. India’s population policy and development.
  4. Agriculture and Rural Development Strategies:Technologies and institutions, land relations and land reforms, rural credit, modern farm inputs and marketing – price policy and subsidies; commercialization and diversification. Rural development programmes including poverty alleviation programmes, development of economic and social infrastructure and New Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme.
  5. India’s experience with Urbanisation and Migration:Different types of migratory flows and their impact on the economies of their origin and destination, the process of growth of urban settlements; urban development strategies.
  6. Industry:Strategy of Industrial development: Industrial Policy Reforms; Reservation Policy relating to small scale industries. Competition policy, Sources of industrial finances. Bank, share market, insurace companies, pension funds, non-banking sources and foreign direct investment, role of foreign capital for direct investment and portfolio investment, Public Sector reform, privatization and disinvestments.
  7. Labour:Employment, unemployment and under-employment, industrial relations and labour welfare – strategies for employment generation – Urban labour market and informal sector employment, Report of National Commission on Labour, Social issues relating to labour e.g. Child Labour, Bonded Labour, International Labour Standard and its impact.
  8. Foreign Trade:Sailent features of India’s foreign trade, composition, direction and organization of trade, recent changes in trade policy, balance of payments, tariff policy, exchange rate, India and WTO requirements.
  9. Money and Banking:Financial sector reforms, Organisation of India’s money market, changing roles of the Reserve Bank of India, commercial banks, development finance institutions, foreign banks and non-banking financial institutions, Indian capital market and SEBI, Development in Global Financial Market and its relationship with Indian Financial Sector.
  10. Inflation:Definition, trends, estimates, consequences and remedies (control): Wholesale Price Index, Consumer Price Index: components and trends.
  11. Budgeting and Fiscal Policy:Tax, expenditure, budgetary deficits, pension and fiscal reforms, Public debt management and reforms, Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management (FRBM) Act, Black money and Parallel economy in India definition, estimates, genesis, consequences and remedies.


Indian Statistical Service

Si.No  Subject Maximum Marks Time
1 General English 100 3 hrs
2 General Studies 100 3hrs
3 Statistics-I (Objective) 200 2hrs
4 Statistics-II (Objective) 200 2hrs
5 Statistics-III (Subjective) 200 3hrs
6 Statistics-IV (Subjective) 200 3hrs


Mains syllabus

ISS Statistics I Syllabus

  1. Probability

Elements of measure theory, Classical definitions and axiomatic approach. Sample space. Class of events and Probability measure. Laws of total and compound probability. Probability of m events out of n. Conditional probability, Bayes’ theorem. Random variables – discrete and continuous. Distribution function. Standard probability distributions – Bernoulli, uniform, binomial, Poisson, geometric, rectangular, exponential, normal, Cauchy, hyper geometric, multinomial, Laplace, negative binomial, beta, gamma, lognormal and compound. Poisson distribution. Joint distributions, conditional distributions, Distributions of functions of random variables. Convergence in distribution, in probability, with probability one and in mean square. Moments and cumulants. Mathematical expectation and conditional expectation. Characteristic function and moment and probability generating functions Inversion uniqueness and continuity theorems. Borel 0-1 law: Kolmogorov’s 0-1 law. Tchebycheff’s and Kolmogorov’s inequalities. Laws of large numbers and central limit theorems for independent variables. Conditional expectation and Martingales.

  1. Statistical Methods

(a) Collection, compilation and presentation of data, Charts, diagrams and histogram. Frequency distribution. Measures of location, dispersion, skewness and kurtosis. Bivariate and multivariate data. Association and contingency. Curve fitting and orthogonal polynomials. Bivariate normal distribution. regression-linear, polynomial. Distribution of the correlation coefficient, Partial and multiple correlation, Intraclass correlation, Correlation ratio.

(b) Standard errors and large sample test. Sampling distributions of x, s2, t, chisqure and F; tests of significance based on them, Small sample tests.

(c) Non-parametric tests-Goodness of fit, sign, median, run, Wicloxon, Mann-Whitney, Wald-Wolfowitz and Kolmogorov-Smirnov. Rank order statistics-minimum, maximum, range and median. Concept of Asymptotic relative efficiency.

  1. Numerical Analysis

Interpolation formulae (with remainder terms) due to Lagrange, Newton-Gregory, Newton Divided different, Gauss and Striling. Euler-Maclaurin’s summation formula. Inverse interpolation. Numerical integration and differentiation. Difference equations of the first order. Linear difference equations with constant coefficients.


ISS Statistics II Syllabus

  1. Linear Models

Theory of linear estimation. Gauss-Markoff setup. Least square estimators. Use of g-inverse. analysis of one-way and two way classified data-fixed, mixed and random effect models. Tests for regression coefficients.

  1. Estimation

Characteristics of good estimator. Estimation methods of maximum likelihood, minimum chi-square, moments and least squares. Optimal properties of maximum likelihood estimators. Minimum variance unbiased estimators. Minimum variance bound estimators. Cramer-Rao inequality. Bhattacharya bounds. Sufficient estimator. factorisation theorem. Complete statistics. Rao-Blackwell theorem. Confidence interval estimation. Optimum confidence bounds. Resampling, Bootstrap and Jacknife.

  1. Hypotheses testing and Statistical Quality Control 

(a) Hypothesis testing: Simple and composite hypothesis. Two kinds of error. Critical region. Different types of critical regions and similar regions. Power function. Most powerful and uniformly most powerful tests. Neyman-Pearson fundamental lemma. Unbiased test. Randomised test. Likelihood ratio test. Wald’s SPRT, OC and ASN functions. Elements of decision and game theory.

  1. b) Statistical Quality Control: Control Charts for variable and attributes. Acceptance Sampling by attributes-Single, double, multiple and sequential Sampling plans; Concepts of AOQL and ATI; Acceptance Sampling by variables-use of Dodge-Romig and other tables.
  2. Multivariate Analysis

Multivariate normal distribution. Estimation of mean Vector and covariance matrix. Distribution of Hotelling’s T2-statistic, Mahalanobis’s D2-statistic, and their use in testing. Partial and multiple correlation coefficients in samples from a multivariate normal population. Wishart’s distribution, its reproductive and other properties. Wilk’s criterion. Discriminant function. Principal components. Canonical variates and correlations.


ISS Statistics III Syllabus

  1. Sampling Techniques

Census versus sample survey. Pilot and large scale sample surveys. Role of NSS organisation. Simple random sampling with and without replacement. Stratified sampling and sample allocations. Cos and Variance functions. Ratio and Regression methods of estimation. Sampling with probability proportional to size. Cluster, double, multiphase, multistage and systematic sampling. Interpenetrating sub-sampling. Non-sampling errors.

  1. Design and Analysis of Experiments

Principles of design of experiments. Layout and analysis of completely randomised, randomised block and Latin square designs. Factorial experiments and confounding in 2n and 3n experiments. Split-plot and strip-plot designs. Construction and analysis of balanced and partially balanced incomplete block designs. Analysis of covariance. Analysis of non-orthogonal data. analysis of missing and mixed plot data.

  1. Economic Statistics

Components of time series. Methods of their determination- variate difference method. Yule-Slutsky effect. Correlogram. Autoregressive models of first and second order. Periodogram analysis. Index numbers of prices and quantities and their relative merits. Construction of index numbers of wholesale and consumer prices. Income distribution-Pareto and Engel curves. Concentration curve. Methods of estimating national income. Inter-sectoral flows. Inter-industry table. Role of CSO.

  1. Econometrics

Theory and analysis of consumer demand-specification and estimation of demand functions. Demand elasticities. Structure and model. Estimation of parameters in single equation model-classical least squares, generalised least-square, heteroscedasticity, serial correlation, multi-collinearity, errors in variable model. Simultaneous equation models-Identification, rank and other conditions. Indirect least squares and two stage least squares. Short-term economic forecasting.


ISS Statistics IV Syllabus

  1. Stochastic Processes

Specifications of a Stochastic Process, Markov chains, classification of states, limiting probabilities; stationary distribution; Random walk and Gambler’s ruin problem. Poisson process, Birth and death process; applications to Queues-M/M/I and M/M/C models. Branching Process.

  1. Operations Research

Elements of linear programming. Simplex procedure. Principle of duality. Transport and assignment problems. Single and multi-period inventory control models. ABC analysis. General simulation problems. Replacement models for items that fail and or items that deteriorate.

  1. Demography and Vital Statistics

The life table, its constitution and properties. Makehams and Gompertz curves. National life tables. UN model life tables. Abridged life tables. Stable and stationary populations. Different birth rates. Total fertility rate. Gross and net reproduction rates. Different mortality rates. Standardised death rate. Internal and international migration: net migration. International and postnasal estimates. Projection method including logistic curve fitting. Decennial population census in India.

  1. Computer Application and Data Processing

(a) Computer Application

Computer system concepts: Computer system components and functions. The Central Processing unit, Main memory, Bit, Byte, Word, Input/Output Devices, Speeds and memory Capacities in computer systems.

Software concepts: Overview of Operating Systems, Types and Functions of Operating System, application Software, Software for multi-tasking, multi-programming, Batch Processing Mode, Time sharing mode, Concept of System Support Programme, Overview of Existing Software packages on Word Processing and Spread sheets.

Overview of an application Specific Programme: Flow charts, Basics of Algorithm, Fundamental of design and analysis of Algorithm; Basics of data structure, Queue, Stack.

(b) Data Processing

Data processing: Digital Number System, Number conversions, Binary representation of integers, Binary representation of real numbers, Logical Data element like character, fields, records, files, Fundamentals of data transmission and processing including error control and error processing.

Data base management: Data Resource management. Data base and file organisation and processing. (a) Direct, (b) Sequential, (c) Indexed Sequential file. Concepts of Client Server architecture, Data Base Administrator. An overview of DBMS software.









Engineering Services Examination (Overview)

Tentative Schedule
(i) Notification of Examination January/February
(ii) Conduct of Examination June/July


Categories of which recruitment is made through the Examination


  1. Civil Engineering
  2. Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical Engineering
  1. Electronics & Tele-communication Engineering



21-30 years on 1st August of the year of Examination.


Educational Qualifications

A degree in Engineering from a recognised university or equivalent. M.Sc degree or its equivalent with Wireless Communications, Electronics, Radio Physics or Radio Engineering as special subjects also acceptable for certain Services/posts only.

Candidates appearing at their engineering degree or equivalent examination are also eligible to compete. Candidates qualifying on the result of the written part of the Examination will be required to submit the proof of passing the requisite examination along with their detailed application form to be filled up at that stage.


Scheme of Examination

Written Examination
Paper I (Objective type) General Ability Test

(Part A: General English)

(Part B: General Studies)

200 Marks
Papers II & III (Objective type) Civil Engineering/Mechanical Engineering /Electrical Engineering/Electronics & Tele-Communication Engineering 200 Marks for each paper
Papers IV & V (Conventional Type) Civil Engineering/Mechanical Engineering /Electrical Engineering/Electronics & Tele-communication Engineering 200 Marks for each paper
Total marks for written Examination 1000
Personality Test 200





Central Armed Police Forces (Assistant Commandants) Examination is conducted for recruitment of Assistant Commandants (Group A) in the Central Armed Police Force composing of Border Security Force (BSF), Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), Central Industrial Security Force (CISF), Indo-Tibetan Norder Police (ITBP) and Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB).


Tentative Schedule
(i) Notification of Examination March
(ii) Conduct of Examination June


Age – limits: 20-25 years as on 1st August, 2016

(Certain categories of persons including departmental candidates are eligible for age relaxation)


Educational Qualification

Degree of a recognized university or an equivalent qualification.

Candidates appearing in the degree exam are allowed to appear at the exam but are

required to submit proof of passing along with the Detailed Application Forms which are to

be submitted after qualifying the written test, medical standards test and Physical Efficiency

Tests (PET).



Written Examination
Paper-I General Ability and Intelligence (Objective Type) 250 Marks
Paper-II Essay, Precis writing and comprehension

(Conventional Type)

200 Marks
Physical And Medical

Standards Test

To be conducted only of candidates who qualify the written examination.
Interview for Personality Test 150 Marks


Paper I CAPF: General Ability and Intelligence


This paper contains objective type questions with multiple choices. This paper broadly covers following areas:


  1. General Mental Ability

The questions will be designed to test the logical reasoning, quantitative aptitude including numerical ability, and data interpretation.


  1. General Science

The questions will be set to test general awareness, scientific temper, comprehension and appreciation of scientific phenomena of everyday observation including new areas of importance like Information Technology, Biotechnology, Environmental Science.


  1. Current Events of National and International Importance

The questions will test your awareness of current events of national and international importance in the broad areas of culture, music, arts, literature, sports, governance, societal and developmental issues, industry, business, globalisation, and interplay among nations.


  1. Indian Polity and Economy

The questions aim to test your knowledge of India’s political system and the Constitution of India, social systems and public administration, economic development in India, regional and international security issues and human rights including its indicators.


  1. History of India

The questions will broadly cover the subject in its social, economic and political aspects. This will also include the areas of growth of nationalism and freedom movement.


  1. Indian and World Geography

The questions will cover the physical, social and economic aspects of geography pertaining to India and the World.


Paper II CAPF: General Studies, Essay and Comprehension

This paper contains two parts – A and B. The exam is of 200 marks and the duration of the paper is 3 hours.



Essay questions which are to be answered in long narrative form either in Hindi or English totaling 80 marks. The indicative topics are modern Indian history especially of the freedom struggle, geography, polity and economy, knowledge of security and human rights issues, and analytical ability.



Comprehension, précis writing, other communications and language skills. The paper is to be attempted in English only (marks 120). The topics are Comprehension passages, précis writing, developing counter arguments, simple grammar and other aspects of language testing.


Break-up of Paper

Topic Questions Marks
Essay Question in 800 words One 80
Precis Writing Two 30
Comprehension Passaged Two 40
Counter Argument Two 10
Report Writing One 20
Other Grammar Questions 20
Total Marks 200


CISF Assistant Commandants Exam

The UPSC conducts examination for the Limited Departmental Competitive Examination for the post of Assistant Commandants in Central Industrial Security Force (CISF).

UPSC CISF (AC) LDC Exam 2017


Important Dates

  • Date of Notification: 7 December, 2016
  • Last Date To Apply: 30 December, 2016
  • Date of Exam: 5 March, 2017


Exam Pattern

Paper Subject Type Marks
Paper I General Ability, Intelligence & Professional Skill Objective 300
Paper II Essay, Precis Writing and Comprehension Subjective 100



Kpsc- KAS- Scheme of Examination     


KPSC KAS Gazetted Probationers Exam:

Karnataka Public Service Commission (KPSC) conducts Gazetted Probationers (Preliminary) Examination (KAS) for the recruitment of Group A & B vacancies. Eligible Indian Citizens can apply online. Other details like age limit, educational qualification, selection process, application fee & how to apply are mentioned below.

Age Limit: Candidates age should be between 21 to 35 years for General Merit (GM), 38 years for Category-2A, 2B, 3A & 3B, 40 years for SC/ ST/ Category-1 , Age Relaxation as per Government Rules & regulations.
Educational Qualification:

Candidates should possess Bachelor’s Degree or Master’s Degree from recognized University / Institute / Colleges.


Selection Process: Selection will be based on Preliminary Exam, Main Exam & Personality Test.


Scheme of  KAS (Preliminary) Examination


The Preliminary Examination consists of two papers of objective type (multiple-choice questions) carrying a maximum of 400 marks. The Question Papers (Test Booklets) are set in English & Kannada. There will be negative marking of one-third marks of the question as penalty for answering it wrong.

Paper Syllabus No. of questions Marks
Paper – I General Studies related to National and

International importance

40 80
Humanities 60 120
Total 100 200
Paper- II General Studies related to State Importance 40 80
General Science & Tech, Environment &


30 60
General Mental Ability 30 60
Total 100 200


The Commission will draw a list of candidates to be qualified for KAS(Main) Examination based on the Total marks in General Studies Paper- I and total marks in General Studies Paper-II.

The standard of General Mental Ability questions of preliminary examination (aptitude test) shall be that of X/SSLC level and the remaining papers are of Degree Level.


Scheme of CS (Main) Examination:

The written examination will consist of the following papers:


Qualifying Papers:

Paper-A (Kannada) and Paper –B English (Each of 150 marks)


Papers to be counted for merit

Paper-I – Essay                                          250 Marks
Paper-II – General Studies-I                      250 Marks

Paper-III – General Studies –II                  250 Marks
Paper-IV – General Studies –III                250 Marks

Paper-V – General Studies – IV                250 Marks

Paper-VI – Optional Subject – Paper 1     250 Marks

Paper-VII – Optional Subject – Paper 2    250 Marks


Total (Written test)                              1750 Marks

Personality Test                                        200 Marks


Grand Total                                          1950 Marks


Application Fee: Candidates need to pay Rs. 300/- for General Merit (GM), Category 2A, 2B, 3A, 3B and Rs. 25/- for SC, ST, Cat-1, Physically Handicapped, Ex-Military Person (Ex-MP). Fee can be pay through Computerized Post Offices Only.


How to Apply: Eligible candidates may apply online through the website kpsc.kar.nic.


Post Details:

  1. Karnataka Administrative Service (Group-A) Junior Scale –Assistant Commissioner
  2. Deputy Superintendent of Police (Group-A)
  3. Executive Officer/ Assistant Secretary, Rural Development & Panchayath Raj Dept. (Group-A)
  4. District Backward Classes Welfare Officer, (Backward) Classes, Welfare Dept. (Group-A)
  5. District Social Welfare Officer (Social Welfare Dept.) (Group-A)
  6. Assistant Commissioner Commercial Taxes (Finance Dept.) (Group-A)
  7. Tahsildar – (Grade-2) Karnataka Administrative Service (Revenue Dept.) (Group-B)
  8. Commercial Tax Officer (Finance Dept.) (Group-B)
  9. Assistant Director ( Food, Civil Supplies And Consumer Affairs Dept.) (Group-B)
  10. Taluk Social Welfare Officer ( Social Welfare Dept.) (Group-B)
  11. Assistant Treasury Officer (Treasury Dept.) (Group-B)
  12. Assistant Superintendent Of Prisons (Group-B)
  13. Assistant Director (Tourism Dept.) (Group-B)
  14. Assistant Director (Agriculture Marketing Dept.) Group-B
  15. Assistant Director (Department Of Youth Empowerment & Sports) (Group-B)






(i) Current events of National and International importance.

(ii) Humanities – History of India – Emphasis shall be on broad general understanding of the subject in its social, economic, cultural and political aspects with a focus on Indian national movement with special emphasis on Karnataka.

(iii) World Geography and Geography of India with a focus on Karnataka.

(iv) Indian polity and economy, including the country’s political system, rural development, planning and economic reforms in India-sustainable development, poverty alleviation, demographics, social sector initiatives etc.,


(i) Current events of State importance and important State Government programmes.

(ii) General Science & Technology, Environment & Ecology-contemporary developments in science and technology and their implications including matters of everyday observations and experience, as may be expected of a well-educated person who has not made a special study of any scientific

discipline general issues on Health, environmental ecology, biodiversity and climate change that do not require subject specialization.

(iii) General Mental Ability,- Comprehension, Logical reasoning and Analytical ability, Decision making, problem solving, Basic innumeracy (numbers and their relations, order of magnitude etc.,) and data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc., (class X/SSLC level).”




Qualifying  paper English

The aim of the paper is to test the candidate’s ability to read and understand serious discursive prose and to express his ideas clearly and correctly in English.

The pattern of questions would be broadly as follows:-

  1. Comprehension of given passages 25 marks
  2. Precis writing 25 marks
  3. Usage 25 marks
  4. Vocabulary 25 marks
  5. Short Essay 25 marks
  6. Communication Skills 25 marks


PAPER – I Essay 250 Marks 3 Hours


Two Essays ( in Kannada/English Language), 125 marks each


Essay – 1: Topics of International / National Importance,

Essay – 2: Topic of State Importance / Local Importance


PAPER – II General Studies 1


Section – I : History and Cultural Heritage ( India & Karnataka ) – (6 Units)


Unit 1: Cultural Heritage of India (select areas and topics)


(i) Indus Civilization – Distinction between Indus Civilization and Vedic Civilization– Evolution of Varna,Jathi/caste system – Religious condition – emergence of religious movements.

(ii) Literature: Sanskrit Literature (Ancient) : Vedic Literature, the epics and the Puranas: their impact on the life and culture of the Indian People; Prose works on polity, ethics (neeti), popular stories and Pancha Tantra (only important works); Mughal contributions to literature.

(iii) Science and Technology: Mathematics, Astronomy, Physics, Chemistry, Botany, Zoology, Physiology and Medicine (including Surgery), Ship-building, Mining and Metallurgy, Engineering and Architecture.

(iv) Arts (Excluding Karnataka): The Maurya and Gupta periods; The Khajuraho temples; Jain temples at Mount Abu and the Odishyan temples; Pallava, Chola and Pandyan contributions. The Mughal architecture; Cathedral architecture: Bom Jesus-Old Goa, St. Paul’s- Kolkata and St. Thomas- Chennai. Painting : Ajanta frescoes; Mughal and Rajput schools of painting. Dance and Music: Classical music and dance; Mughal contributions to music. Folk arts of India.

(v) India’s cultural contributions to the outside world: Central Asia, China, Japan, South-East Asia and Sri Lanka.

(vi) Religions of India-

(i) Hindu Dharma: General characteristics and some common beliefs – Purusharthas– rituals and ethics – festivals and sacred days – pilgrimage and fairs. Hindu sects: Hinduism as a federation of various sects – Shaiva, Vaishnava and Shakta. Philosophy of the Upanishad and the Bhagava- Gita – Yoga Philosophy of Pathanjali.

(ii) Jainism: Principles – Ratnatraya, code of morals, Equality (samana), Ahimsa,. Sects: Digambara and Swethambara.

(iii) Buddhism: Principles – Four noble truths, The Eight – fold path, Nirvana, Moral doctrines. Sects:Hinayana and Mahayana.

(iv) Christianity: Teachings of Jesus Christ. Christian doctrines and theology. Groups in Christianity –The Roman Catholic Church, the Eastern orthodox churches and the Protestants churches.Missionary activities in India.(v) Islam: Principles and practices – God, Confession of Faith, Five “Pillars of Islam”, sacred places and days, the family system and the shariah, Sufis of Karnataka, Sects: Shia and Sunni.

(vi) Sikhism: Principles and practices and its Evolution.


Unit 2 :Toward transforming Indian Society : Major schools of thought.


Modern Indian History – from the beginning of 19th Century, Reforms and Reformers,

  1. Eradication of Social and religious wrongs
  2. The Vedas for all – The Casteless society
  3. Ideal of service
  4. Emancipation of the Depressed class
  5. “Two-Nation” theory and Islamic revivalism
  6. Empowerment of the Depressed class through religion and education
  7. Hindutva and Patriotism
  8. The Dravida Movement
  9. Struggle for emancipation of Dalits and their empowerment
  10. Socialist approach and Total Revolution
  11. Gram Swaraj, Satyagraha and Bhoodana


Unit 3 : From Kadambas to the Hoysalas.


(i) Antiquity of Karnataka; Kannada language and literature; Extent of Kannadanadu; State and DistrictGazetteers; Museums and Archives in Karnataka; Preservation and protection of historical monuments –work of Archaeological Survey of India – World Heritage Sites in Karnataka.

(ii) From Kadambas to the Hoysalas : Contributions to Architecture, sculpture, literature and religion.


Unit 4 : The Vijayanagara Empire and thereafter (1336-1799).


(i) Vijayanagara Empire: Origin, aims and aspiration of the Empire – Vidyaranya. Political history : Harihara,Bukka, Immadi Devaraya, Krishnadevaraya and Aliya Ramaraya – The battle of Talikote and its consequences. Glory of the capital – Administration – Society, economy and religion; Arts: Painting;Music, Dance, Literature, Architecture and Sculpture; Foreign accounts of Vijayanagara.

(ii) Religious sects: Shankaracharya, Ramanujacharya, Madhwacharya – Sri Basaveshvara, Veerashaivism and Vachana movement – Haridasa movement – Kalamukha, Shakta and Pashupatha sects.

(iii) The Bahman Shahis : Mahamud Gawan – Contributions of the Bahamani – Adil Shahis of Bijapur: Contributions to literature and architecture – Sufis in Karnataka.

(iv) Chikkadevaraja Wodeyar – Contributions; The Nayakas of Keladi and Chitradurga; Rani Chennamma & Sangolli Rayanna of Kittur, The Yalahanka Nadaprabhu; Hyder Ali and Tippu Sultan (1761-1799).


Unit 5 : Modern Mysore (1799-1947).


(i) Krishna raja Wodeyar lll – his contributions;

(ii) Armed rebellion in Karnataka against the British in Karnataka

(iii) Commissioner’s Rule (1831-1881)

(iv) Nizam’s rule in Hyderabad – Karnataka

(v) Progress of Mysore under the Dewans.

Unit 6 : Freedom Movement in Karnataka and Unification (1885-1956).

(i) Rise of Nationalism; Pre-Gandhian era (1885-1920); Gandhian era (1920-1948).

(ii) Freedom movement in Hyderabad – Karnataka

(iii) Important personalities in Freedom Struggle.

(iv) Unification of Karnataka; Causes for the rise of unification movement – Alur Venkatrao – Role of literacy, cultural associations and print media – Three stages in the unification of Karnataka (1947-1956).

(v) Social and Cultural developments: Spread of education by missionary and voluntary bodies – printing and the press – Literary and Scholarly studies – New literary genres in kannada literature – Backward Class movement – Miller Committee Report, Folk arts of Karnataka.


Section II – Social and Political Perspective – ( 7 units )

  1. Post Independent Karnataka – Towards Political Consolidation – Attempts of Successive Governments – Backward Classes and Social Justice – Reports of : Havnur Committee – Venkataswamy Committee – Chinnappa Reddy Committee – Recent Trends – Dalit Movement – Devaraja Urs and Land Reforms. Language Issue: Gokak Movement – Issues and Perspectives. Inter-State Disputes – Boundary Disputes – Mahajan Committee Report and its impact – Water Disputes – Farmer’s Movement, Regional Imbalance & Nanjundappa committee Report.
  2. Social Change and Movements –Social structure and social change, Theories of Social Change, Social Disorganisation and Social movements, directed social change, social policy and social development.
  3. Social Change and Modernisation – Problems of role conflict – intergenerational gap, youth unrest & commercialization of education, emergence of India as Educational Force – changing status of women and social movements, industrialization and urbanization, role of pressure groups, Sanskritisation, westernisation and modernization – Modernism versus traditionalism. Current social evils – fundamentalism and terrorism,Naxalism, Nepotism, corruption, and black money.
  4. Government and Political System – Legislature, Executive and Judiciary, functioning of democratic political system in a traditional society, political party and their social composition.
  5. Decentralisation of power – Decentralisation of power and political participation. Union Government, Parliament, Cabinet, Supreme court, Judicial review, Center-State relations, State government, role of Governor, Panchayathi raj, class and caste in Indian politics, politics of regionalism, linguism, and communalism. Problems of secularisation policy and national integration, Political participation & voting, vote bank politics.
  6. Socio Economic System – The Jajmani system and its bearing on traditional society. Market Economy and its social consequences, Occupational diversification and social structure, Profession and professionalisation, role of trade unions, social determinants and consequence of economical development, economic inequalities, exploitation and corruption, Globalisation and its social impact.
  7. Rural Social system and Rural Development – Socio cultural dimensions of village community, traditional power structure, democratization and leadership, poverty, indebtedness, bonded labour, social consequences of land reforms, Rural development projects, green revolution, new strategies of rural development, the changing rural scene.


Section III – Indian Economy – Planning- Rural Development (8 units)

  1. Indian Economy – Post independence growth – experience of agriculture, industry and tertiary sectors, growth and distributive justice. Poverty and inequality, Growth of Karnataka Economy during the plan era, growth and sectoral changes and linkages in the State Economy.
  2. India and International economic relations – Growth and trade – volume, composition and direction of exports and imports, domestic and foreign capital in economic development, changes in India’s foreign trade policy, balance of payments and foreign exchange. Karnataka’s exports – volume, composition, and direction.
  3. Development patterns and disparities among regions and between rural and urban areas, public policies to mitigate disparities, prospects and problems of Special economic zones. Development disparities in Karnataka and public policies, Redressel of development disparities. Regional development boards.
  4. Planning – Planning goals, objectives and approaches, achievements and failures of five year plans (I to VII Five year plans). Development plans under the new economic policies regime (VIII Five year plan onwards). Planning in Karnataka.
  5. Decentralization – pros and cons of top-down planning and bottom-up planning, planning mechanism and experience in Panchayathi raj institutions, planning and capacity building, planning and financing. Decentralized planning in Karnataka, Resource mobilization and devolution. District Planning Committee, State finances and local finances. State finance commission.
  6. Rural Development – Importance of agriculture in the national economy, Gandhian approach to rural development and land reforms, size of farms and productivity, problems of irrigation and dry land farming, food security, rural credit, agricultural marketing, agricultural labour, rural industries and employment. Agricultural problems in Karnataka, Rural Economic infrastructure (Energy, Irrigation, Transport, Communication, Markets), Rural Social Infrastructure – Housing, Drinking water, Sanitation & Drainage, Rural Health systems and their delivery. Development of Economic and Social infrastructure in Karnataka, Rural markets in Karnataka. Rural housing and health care schemes in Karnataka.
  7. Rural Development Initiatives – Poverty Alleviation-cum-Employment generation Programmes, Five Year Plan and inclusive growth, rural financial institutions, Development and conservation of common property resources in rural areas – village grasslands and woods, water bodies, Provision of urban amenities in rural areas (PURA). Rural Development schemes in Karnataka, self help groups and micro finance institutions in Karnataka, External assistance for rural tank rejuvenation, drinking water, sanitation and health care in Karnataka.
  8. Data Collection Analysis- Interpretation- Collection, Interpretation and Appreciation of Statistical Data- Study of Graphs and Charts:– Bar Graphs, Line Graphs and Pie Charts- Problems Based on Tabular and Diagrammatical Data- Data Sufficiency in Statistics- Problems Based on Probability- Permutations and Combinations-Quantitative Aptitude – Number Sequences, Series, Averages, Number Systems, Ratio and Proportion, Profit and Loss, Percentages, Time and work, Speed-Time-Distance, Simple Interest, Analytical and Critical Reasoning, Reading Comprehension.


PAPER – III General Studies 2


Section I – Physical Features and Natural Resources



  1. Lithosphere-Place of Earth in the Solar System, Rocks, Earthquakes, Volcanoes, Plate tectonics, Agents of Erosion. Atmosphere – Structure and Composition –Elements of Climate and weather – Broad Climatic types. Hydrosphere – World Oceans Salinity – Ocean currents and Tides – Ocean Deposits.
  2. Physiography of Continents and Demographic distribution – Mountains, Rivers, Forests, Grass lands, Deserts, Human Races, Population Change, distribution and demographic transition, density, sex ratio, quality of life, life expectancy, literacy, standard of living and migration.



  1. Physiography of India – Climate, Rivers, Soil, Natural vegetation. Mineral Resources: Iron ore and Manganese – Copper and Bauxite Coal, Petroleum and Natural Gas, Nuclear Deposits. Major crops-, Distribution and production of cereals, millets, oilseeds, plantation crops, commercial crops. Indian Demography – Growth, Composition, Distribution, Density, Human Development Index. Demographic Database.
  2. Industrial Planning and Development : Growth and Distribution of Major, Medium, Small and Tiny Industries – Industrial regions of India. Industrial infrastructure – Railways, Roads, and Ports. Backward regions and rural industrialisaton. Regional Planning and Development -Tribal and hill areas, drought prone areas, command areas and river basins. Classification of Towns and Cities. Urban Structure.


  1. Physiographic divisions – Climate, Rivers, rainfall distribution, Natural vegetation and Soil. Agriculture and Agro climatic regions, Major crops, Plantation and commercial crops of Karnataka. Mineral Resources of Karnataka. Sources of Power (Hydro, Thermal, Solar, Nuclear and Wind). Major, Medium and Small Scale industries, Agro based Industries. Transportation and Communication Systems in Karnataka. Geographic information system .
  2. Urban Land use Policy and Urbanisation – Demographic features Literacy and Urbanisation. Population Problems and policies, Literacy, City classification and urban spheres of influence, rural urban fringe, problems of urban growth. Land use, Town planning, slums and urban housing. Intra and Inter regional trade and the role of rural Market centers.


Section II – Overview of Indian Constitution (7 units)

  1. Nature of the Constitution- Constitutional developments, , salient features of Constitution: Preamble, Directive Principles of State Policy, Indian federation, etc.,
  2. Fundamental rights – Right to Equality, Right to Freedom, Right against exploitation, Right to freedom of religion, Cultural and Educational rights, Right to Constitutional remedies. Reasonable restrictions – Provision for schedule caste, schedule tribe and minorities, Reservations for SC/ST and OBC’s, preventions of SC/ST Atrocities Act, National and State SC/ST Commission
  3. Distribution of Legislative powers – Between the Union and the State, Administrative and Financial relations between the union and the states, Powers and functions of constitutional bodies. Powers and Functions – Governor, Council of Ministers and Cabinet, Judicial remedies.
  4. Unicameral and Bicameral legislations – Functions and crisis of accountability, delegated legislation, Legislative procedure and committees of legislature, legislative and judicial control over the delegated legislation, judicial review of administrative action. Comptroller and Auditor General of India, Attorney General of India.
  5. Important Amendments of the Constitution – Basic structure theory, Emergency provisions and

decentralization, Panchayathi raj, Seventy-third and Seventy-fourth amendments etc.,

  1. Welfare mechanism in India – Directive principles of State policy and their relationships, Right to property, Election Commission, Public Service Commissions, Women’s commission, National and State Minorities commission, Backward Commission, Human Rights Commission, Information Commission, Finance Commission, Planning Commission, National Development Council.
  2. Services under the Union and State – Constitutional provisions relating to Government and public servants.


Section III- Public Administration and Management – International Relations ( 7 Units)

  1. Private and Public Administration – its role in society, Public Administration as an art and a science, New Public Administration and New Public Management. Responsive Administration. Difference between administration and management. Difference between public and private administration.
  2. Structure of Organisation – Personnel, Financial, Administrative Law, Maintenance of Law and Order, Administration for Welfare. Issues of Areas in Indian Administration. Development Administration.
  3. Organisational Behaviour and Management Concepts; Organisation structure, systems, Processes, Strategies, Policies and Objectives, Decision making, Communication, Centralisation, Decentralisation, Delegation of authority, Responsibility, Control.
  4. Formal and informal Organisation, – Functional management: Finance, HR, Marketing, Production, Leadership and Motivation.
  5. Management Tools and Techniques: Decision making under uncertainty, PERT & CPM, PIME, POSD-CORB, SWOT Analysis, Performance Standards and appraisal, PDCA Cycle, Personnel Policies, Manpower – Policy and Planning, Training and Development, Conflict Management, Management of change and development. Team Building, quality tools (Brain Storming, nominal group technique, pareto chart, fishbone diagram and process chart).
  6. Administrative Reforms, Ethics and Values in Public Service, Public Relations, Good Governance,

Accountability and control, Program monitoring and evaluation, Lokpal and Lokayukta, Redressel of Citizens grievances, District Administration and Panchayathi Raj System, Law and Order and Development Functions, Development Programmes. Welfare Programmes for SC/ST and women. People’s participation. Administrative Reforms Commissions – Central and State.

  1. United Nations and Specialised Agencies, Other International Organisations and Agencies – Origin and development of UNO – Role in International Relations, General Assembly, Security Council, Economic and Social Council, Trusteeship Council, International Court of Justice, UN and Peace Keeping Operations, UN and Disarmaments, Future of UN. Special Agencies like WHO, ILO, FAO etc., International Organisations like IMF, World Bank, ADB, WTO, EU, ASEAN, SAARC, AU, NATO, NAM, OPEC, G-8, IAEA, etc., Role of Developing countries in International Relations, India and her Neighbours. Etc.,


PAPER – IV General Studies 3


Section-I, Role and Impact of Science and Technology in Development of Indian, Information Technology In Public Domain


  1. Basics of Science and Technology.

Classical and emerging areas of science and Technology (S&T)- Value Addition by Science & Technology- Current Science & Technology developments in India and Importance of Science & Technology as an engine for national development- Industrial development & Urbanization- National policy of Science & Technology ; changes in policy from time to time ; Technology missions- ICT: Basics Computers, Communication, Telephone and Television- Broadband, Internet, & Web-IT industries, BPO, economic & employment growth- E-governance, E-commerce & E-learning- IT&

Rural applications, Digital divide & its prevention- Computers in Mass Media.


  1. SPACE Science and Technology

A brief history of global space programmes, and current space programmes.Space programme in India- INSAT, IRS systems, EDUSAT, and Chandrayana-1, Etc., and future programme.  Application of Space technology in India with special references to Educational, Agricultural and Other Rural Developmental Activities.

  1. Energy Resources

Indian Energy scenario- Hydel, Thermal, Nuclear, & Renewable; their potential, harnessing & options. Importance of renewable resources- Solar, Wind, Small/ Mini/ Micro Hydel, Biomass, Waste based, Geothermal, Tidal, Hydrogen & Fuel cells. Enabling legislations, financial and procedural incentives, and business opportunities for investors.

  1. Disasters, Pests and Pollution Climatic Change – floods, cyclone, tsunami, natural and manmade disasters and disaster management. Crop science in India, Fertilizers, Control of Pests and Crop Diseases,Safe Drinking water & supply,Sanitation and Waste disposal,Urbanization, Industrialization, and Pollution control.
  2. Related Perceptions
  • Universalizing Science and Technology literacy;
  • Technology with a Human Face
  • Human Development Index (HDI)
  • Contribution to Growth of GDP
  • Facing Global competition
  • Preservation & promotion of culture and indigenous knowledge
  1. Knowledge Society Human capital, its power, imparting education, Skill, & Values. Role of Knowledge for Economic growth, Social development, Cultural enrichment & political empowerment.Achieving goals around Knowledge: Eradication of poverty; Universal primary education; Gender equality.
  2. Rural Upliftment and Science & Technology

Advance Infrastructure in Rural Areas, Establishing Physical, Electronic, Knowledge, & Economic Connectivity. Regional Language: Usage in ICT

Horticulture: Hybrid seed production with R&D; Set up Fruit and vegetable processing plants, packaging & Marketing. Agro Food Processing: Forming village clusters and establishing Food Storage, Food Processing, and Food Packaging & Marketing.

Bio-fuel cultivation and extraction, Scientific Water harvesting.


Section II: Advancement and Modern Trends in Natural Sciences, Life Sciences, Agricultural Science, Health and Hygiene – (7 Units)


  1. Natural Science

Plants – crop plants, forest species, medicinal and aromatic plants, usefulness of plants and human affairs (utility), photosynthesis, transpiration, harmful plants.

Common classification of animals – domestic and wild animals. Usefulness of animals and human affairs (utility). Microorganisms: Common bacteria, virus, fungi and their beneficial and harmful effect on mankind.

  1. Agriculture Science Agriculture scenario and importance of agriculture in the national and state economy. Crop production and protection. Chemical Fertilizers and Vermi compost. Cost benefit and investment analysis of agricultural enterprises. Programmes for production and productivity enhancement – green, white, yellow, blue revolutions. Recent trends in organic farming and farm mechanization. Farming systems and sustainability. Agro-processing and agro-based industries.

Post-harvest technology and value addition. Management of land and water resources.

  1. Horticulture and Sericulture Importance of Horticulture-floriculture, vegetables, fruits, plantation crops, spices, aromatic and medicinal plants. Hi- tech horticulture (green / poly house cultivation). Post-harvest management and value addition. Special promotional programmes for horticulture development. Sericulture: Importance of sericulture in India and Karnataka, distribution of mulberry and non-mulberry sericulture (area, production and productivity across states), cocoon production.
  2. Initiatives in Biotechnology Concept of biotechnology, introduction and application of genetic engineering and stem cells research. Molecular breeding and marker assisted selection. Transgenic plants (genetically modified) and their beneficial and harmful effects on environment and society. Biotechnology in agriculture (bio-fertilizers, bio-pesticides, bio-fuels, tissue culture, cloning).

Food bio-technology, food safety and microbial standards, food quality standards, food laws and regulations.

  1. Animal Husbandry (veterinary, dairy and fishery sciences) Importance of livestock in the national and state economy. Important exotic and Indian breeds of cattle, buffalo, sheep, goat, swine and poultry.

Milk production management and dairy development. Milk Cooperative Unions and their role in rural economy- AMUL, KMF.

Fisheries resources in India-Marine fisheries resources and potential, exclusive economic zone of India, coastal aquaculture and Mari culture. Inland water resources, commercially important fishes, responsible fishing. Ornamental fish production. Value addition of livestock products and quality control.

  1. Agriculture development policies, programmes and trade ,Salient Features of National and Karnataka state agricultural policies, Agriculture Price Policy, National Seed Policy, Agricultural Credit Policy, National Agricultural Research System (NARS). Farmers welfare programmes in India,

Farm women development programmes, Agriculture under Five Year Plans, Development  strengthening of agricultural marketing infrastructure-Grading and Standardization, Crop Insurance Scheme-National Agricultural Insurance Scheme (NAIS), Weather Based Crop Insurance Scheme (WBCIS), Food Security, National Watershed Development Programme, Export potential of agriculture-horticulture-livestock products. Commercialization and globalization of agriculture- WTO, AoA (Agreement on Agriculture).

  1. Health and Hygiene Human – Digestive, circulatory, respiratory, excretory and reproductive systems. Allopathic, Indian System of Medicine, Naturopathy and Yoga (AYUSH), NRHM, National HIV Programme, Tuberculosis programme, P and SM (Preventive and Social Medicine), Diseases – Communicable diseases, epidemic diseases, endemic diseases, vector borne diseases. Basic knowledge of infections caused by different groups of microorganisms – Gastroenteritis, cholera,

tuberculosis, malaria, viral infections, HIV, encephalitis, chikungunya, bird flu, dengue, preventive measures during out breaks. Vaccines, introduction to immunity, production of DPT and rabies vaccine and hepatitis vaccine. Application of immunological methods in diagnosis. Health awareness Programme, Etc.,


Section – III Challenges and Issues of Development on Environment & Ecology (6 units)


  1. Environmental Segments: Promotion and protection –forest conservation and environmentalism. Protection of Wild Life, Project Tiger, National parks and Sanctuaries, Impact of mining on forest and environment. Red Data Book: Endangered species, Eco Tourism and any other related current issues.
  2. Natural Resources: Forest – Types and conservation of forest and forest resources. Water resources-flood and drought occurrences, water resource management, Land resources. Rain water harvesting, Infrastructure development – Dams, Roads, Rails, Bridges, Industry, urbanization and waste water management, acquisition and rehabilitation and other issues due to human interventions and any other related current issues.
  3. Eco System and Biodiversity – Ecology – Basic concepts of ecology, Eco System, Food Chain, Biodiversity and its conservation, Hot spots of Biodiversity, threats to diversity, forest sustainable development and management, any other related current issues, IPR.
  4. Environment Pollution and Solid Waste Management – Air Pollution, Water pollution, Soil Pollution, Noise Pollution and remedies. Solid waste Management- Types of Solid waste management, factors affecting the solid waste generation, Impact of solid waste, Recycling and reuse. Any other related Current issues. Environment protection Act, Air (prevention and control of pollution), water (prevention and control of pollution), water pollution Cess Act.
  5. Role of Information Technology in Environment and Human Health – Global Environmental issues like Climate change, acid rains, global warming, wasteland reclamation, watershed management, watershed approach for sustainable development, linking of rivers, water crisis. Any other related current issues.
  6. State community-civil society interface, Joint forest management system – community participation,Development, Displacement and Rehabilitation. Disaster Management, Sustainable Forest Development. Flood, earthquake, drought, tsunami, Global warming – Ozone layer, CFC, carbon credit.


PAPER – V General Studies 4


Section-I: Ethics

Essence, determinants and consequences of ethics in human action, dimensions of ethics, ethics in private and public relationships. Ethics in public administration, status and problems, ethical dilemmas in government and private institutions, laws, rules, regulations and conscience as source of ethical guidance; Accountability and ethical governance, strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance, ethical issues in international relations and funding, corporate governance; Concept of public service, philosophical basis of governance, information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, codes of ethics, codes of conduct, citizen charters, work culture, quality of service delivery, utilization of public fund, challenges of corruption.

Human values- lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers, administrators, Role of family, society, and educational institutions in inculcating values.


Section-II: Integrity

Integrity, impartiality and non- partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections,


Section-III: Aptitude

Aptitude and foundational values for civil service, Content, structure, function, its relation with thoughts and behavior, moral and political attitudes, social influence and persuasion,

Aptitude and foundational values for civil service, emotional intelligence and their utilities and application in administration and governance, contributions of moral thinkers from India and the world.

Case studies of above issues.


Optional subjects:

  1. Agriculture, Agricultural Marketing Co-operation and Sericulture
  2. Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Sciences and Fisheries
  • Botany
  1. Chemistry
  2. Civil Engineering
  3. Commerce
  • Criminology
  • Economics
  1. Electrical Engineering
  2. Geography
  3. Law
  • Mathematics
  • History
  • Mechanical Engineering
  1. Philosophy
  • Geology
  • Physics
  • Political Science & International Relations
  • Psychology
  1. Public Administration
  • Sociology
  • Statistics
  • Zoology
  • Rural Development & Co-operation
  • Hindi
  • Anthropology
  • Urdu
  • Kannada
  • English
  • Management

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