KAS Syllabus

KPSC KAS Gazetted Probationers Exam:

Karnataka Public Service Commission (KPSC) conducts Gazetted Probationers (Preliminary) Examination (KAS) for the recruitment of Group A & B vacancies. Eligible Indian Citizens can apply online. Other details like age limit, educational qualification, selection process, application fee & how to apply are mentioned below.

Age Limit: Candidates age should be between 21 to 35 years for General Merit (GM), 38 years for Category-2A, 2B, 3A & 3B, 40 years for SC/ ST/ Category-1, Age Relaxation as per Government Rules & regulations.
Educational Qualification:

Candidates should possess Bachelor’s Degree or Master’s Degree from recognized University / Institute / Colleges.

Selection Process: Selection will be based on Preliminary Exam, Main Exam & Personality Test.


Personnel and Administrative Reforms Secretariat

Whereas, the draft of the following rules further to amend the Karnataka Recruitment of Gazetted Probationers ( Appointment by Competitive Examinations ) Rules, 1997 was published as required by clause(a) of Sub-section(2) of section 3 read with section 8 of the Karnataka State Civil Services Act, 1978 ( Karnataka Act 14 of 1990 ) in Notification No. DPAR 235 SRR 2013, Dated.30.09.2014 in part IV-A ( volume 148 ) of Karnataka Gazette Dated.30.09.2014 inviting objections and suggestions from persons likely to be affected thereby within 15 days from the date of publication of Draft in the official Gazette.

Whereas, the said Gazette was made available to the public on 30.09.2014. And whereas, objections and suggestions received have been considered by the State Government. Now, therefore, in exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section(1) of section 3 read with section 8 of the Karnataka State Civil Services Act, 1978 ( Karnataka Act 14 of 1990 ) the Government of Karnataka makes the following rules namely :


1. Title and commencement,-

(1) These rules may be called the Karnataka Recruitment of Gazetted Probationers ( Appointment by Competitive Examinations ) ( 11th Amendment ) Rules, 2014.
(2) They shall come into force from the date of their publication in the official Gazette.

2. Amendment to rule 6 : In the Karnataka Recruitment of Gazetted Probationers (Appointment by Competitive
Examinations) Rules, 1997 (hereinafter referred to as the said rules) in rule 6, the following proviso shall be inserted at
the end, namely :
“Provided that in respect of notification to be issued for 452 vacant posts in the year 2014 or 2015 and for the subsequent notifications to be issued for the next immediate recruitment, candidates who are otherwise eligible shall be allowed two more attempts over and above the eligible number of attempts”.
3. Amendment of Schedule II : In Schedule II, to the said rules,
(i) under Section I, for the sub-heading Part-B the entries relating thereto, the following shall be substituted, namely :
The Main Examination shall consist of written examination and personality test.

Written Examination :

Qualifying Papers Kannada 150 Marks 2 Hours
English 150 Marks 2 Hours
Compulsory Papers Paper I Essay 250 marks 3 Hours
Paper II General Studies1 250 marks 3 Hours
Paper III General Studies2 250 marks 3 Hours
Paper IV General Studies3 250 marks 3 Hours
Papers V General Studies4 250 marks 3 Hours
Paper VI Optional Subject
250 marks 3 Hours
Paper VII Optional Subject
250 marks 3 Hour
Total Marks for Written Examination 1750 marks

kas eligible papers

C. Personality Test : The candidate will be interviewed by a board who will have before them a record of his or her career except marks secured in their main examination. He / she will be asked questions on matters of general interest. The object of the interview is to assess the personal suitability of the candidate for a career in public services by a board of competent and unbiased observers. The test is intended to judge the mental caliber of a candidate. In broad terms, this is really an assessment of not only his / her intellectual qualities but also social traits and his / her interest in current affairs. Some of the qualities to be judged are mental alertness, critical powers of assimilations, clear and logical exposition, the balance of judgment, variety and depth of interest, ability for social cohesion and leadership, intellectual and moral integrity.

The technique of the interview is not that of a strict cross-examination but of a natural, though directed and purposive conversation which is intended to reveal the mental qualities of the candidate. The interview test is not intended to be a test either of the specialized or general knowledge of the candidate which has been already tested through written papers. Candidates are expected to have taken an intelligent interest not only in their special subjects of academic study but also in the events, which are happening around them both within or outside their own state or country as well as in modern current of thoughts and in new discoveries which should rouse the curiosity of well-educated youth.

The Karnataka Public Service Commission shall call for a personality test, as far as may be, three times the number of candidates as there are vacancies in the Group-A and Group-B services. The candidates are invited for personality test in the order of merit on the basis of the results of the Main Examination ensuring the reservations for candidates belonging to Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, and Other Backward Classes in the same ratio of vacancies reserved for them. Personality Test shall carry a maximum of 200 marks.

(ii) under Section II, for the sub-heading Part-B the entries relating to the Main Examination thereto, the following shall be substituted, namely :

Qualifying Papers Kannada 150 Marks 2 Hours
English 150 Marks 2 Hours
Papers No.of Sections ( Kannada / English ) Total Marks per Section Total Marks per Paper Duration
Paper I : Essays
Two Essays ( in Kannada/English )
Essay – 1 : Topic of International / National Importance
Essay – 2 : Topic of State Importance / Local Importance
Two Essays 125 each essay 250 3 Hrs
Paper II : General Studies 1
1. History & Cultural Heritage ( India and Karnataka )
2. Social & Political Perspective.
3. Indian Economy-Planning-Rural Development
Data Collection-Analysis-Interpretation.
Three Sections 80/85 250 3 Hrs
Paper III : General Studies 2
1. Physical Features and Natural Resources.
2. Overview of Indian Constitution.
3. Public Administration & Management, International Relations.
Three Sections 80/85 250 3 Hrs
Paper IV : General Studies 3
1.Role and Impact of Science and Technology in Development of India, Information Technology in Public Domain.
2. Advancement and Modern Trends In Natural Science, Life Science, Agriculture, Science, Health and Hygiene.
3. Challenges and Issues of Development on Environment and Ecology.
Three Sections 80/85 250 3 Hrs
Paper V : General Studies 4
3. Aptitude
Three Sections 80/85 250 3 Hrs
Paper VI : Optional subject Paper 1 250 3 Hrs
Paper VII : Optional subject Paper 2 250 3 Hrs
Total 1750
Personality Test 200
Grand Total 1950

Qualifying paper Kannada ( 150 Marks ) : The aim of the paper is to test the candidate’s ability to read and understand serious discursive prose and to express his ideas clearly and correctly in Kannada. The pattern of questions would be broadly as follows :

Qualifying paper English : The aim of the paper is to test the candidate’s ability to read and understand serious discursive prose and to express his ideas clearly and correctly in English. The pattern of questions would be broadly as follows :

1. Comprehension of given passages 25 marks
2. Precis writing 25 marks
3. Usage 25 marks
4. Vocabulary 25 marks
5. Short Essay 25 marks
6. Communication Skills 25 marks



Scheme of  KAS (Preliminary) Examination

The Preliminary Examination consists of two papers of objective type (multiple-choice questions) carrying a maximum of 400 marks. The Question Papers (Test Booklets) are set in English & Kannada. There will be negative marking of one-third marks of the question as a penalty for answering it wrong.

Paper Syllabus No. of questions Marks
Paper – I General Studies related to National and

International importance

40 80
Humanities 60 120
Total 100 200
Paper- II General Studies related to State Importance 40 80
General Science & Tech, Environment &


30 60
General Mental Ability 30 60
Total 100 200


The Commission will draw a list of candidates to be qualified for KAS(Main) Examination based on the Total marks in General Studies Paper- I and total marks in General Studies Paper-II.

The standard of General Mental Ability questions of preliminary examination (aptitude test) shall be that of X/SSLC level and the remaining papers are of Degree Level.


Application Fee: Candidates need to pay Rs. 300/- for General Merit (GM), Category 2A, 2B, 3A, 3B and Rs. 25/- for SC, ST, Cat-1, Physically Handicapped, Ex-Military Person (Ex-MP). Fee can be pay through Computerized Post Offices Only.

How to Apply: Eligible candidates may apply online through the website kpsc.kar.nic.

 Post Details:

  1. Karnataka Administrative Service (Group-A) Junior Scale –Assistant Commissioner
  2. Deputy Superintendent of Police (Group-A)
  3. Executive Officer/ Assistant Secretary, Rural Development & Panchayath Raj Dept. (Group-A)
  4. District Backward Classes Welfare Officer, (Backward) Classes, Welfare Dept. (Group-A)
  5. District Social Welfare Officer (Social Welfare Dept.) (Group-A)
  6. Assistant Commissioner Commercial Taxes (Finance Dept.) (Group-A)
  7. Tahsildar – (Grade-2) Karnataka Administrative Service (Revenue Dept.) (Group-B)
  8. Commercial Tax Officer (Finance Dept.) (Group-B)
  9. Assistant Director ( Food, Civil Supplies And Consumer Affairs Dept.) (Group-B)
  10. Taluk Social Welfare Officer ( Social Welfare Dept.) (Group-B)
  11. Assistant Treasury Officer (Treasury Dept.) (Group-B)
  12. Assistant Superintendent Of Prisons (Group-B)
  13. Assistant Director (Tourism Dept.) (Group-B)
  14. Assistant Director (Agriculture Marketing Dept.) Group-B
  15. Assistant Director (Department Of Youth Empowerment & Sports) (Group-B)






(i) Current events of National and International importance.

(ii) Humanities – History of India – Emphasis shall be on the broad general understanding of the subject in its social, economic, cultural and political aspects with a focus on Indian national movement with special emphasis on Karnataka.

(iii) World Geography and Geography of India with a focus on Karnataka.

(iv) Indian polity and economy, including the country’s political system, rural development, planning and economic reforms in India-sustainable development, poverty alleviation, demographics, social sector initiatives etc.,


(i) Current events of State importance and important State Government programmes.

(ii) General Science & Technology, Environment & Ecology-contemporary developments in science and technology and their implications including matters of everyday observations and experience, as may be expected of a well-educated person who has not made a special study of any scientific

discipline general issues on Health, environmental ecology, biodiversity and climate change that do not require subject specialization.

(iii) General Mental Ability,- Comprehension, Logical reasoning and Analytical ability, Decision making, problem-solving, Basic innumeracy (numbers and their relations, the order of magnitude etc.,) and data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc., (class X/SSLC level).”



 Qualifying  paper English

The aim of the paper is to test the candidate’s ability to read and understand serious discursive prose and to express his ideas clearly and correctly in English.

The pattern of questions would be broadly as follows:-

  1. Comprehension of given passages 25 marks
  2. Precis writing 25 marks
  3. Usage 25 marks
  4. Vocabulary 25 marks
  5. Short Essay 25 marks
  6. Communication Skills 25 marks


PAPER – I Essay 250 Marks 3 Hours

 Two Essays ( in Kannada/English Language), 125 marks each

Essay – 1: Topics of International / National Importance,

Essay – 2: Topic of State Importance / Local Importance


PAPER – II General Studies 1

 Section – I : History and Cultural Heritage ( India & Karnataka ) – (6 Units)

Unit 1: Cultural Heritage of India (select areas and topics)

(i) Indus Civilization – Distinction between Indus Civilization and Vedic Civilization– Evolution of Varna,Jathi/caste system – Religious condition – emergence of religious movements.

(ii) Literature: Sanskrit Literature (Ancient) : Vedic Literature, the epics and the Puranas: their impact on the life and culture of the Indian People; Prose works on polity, ethics (neeti), popular stories and Pancha Tantra (only important works); Mughal contributions to literature.

(iii) Science and Technology: Mathematics, Astronomy, Physics, Chemistry, Botany, Zoology, Physiology and Medicine (including Surgery), Ship-building, Mining and Metallurgy, Engineering and Architecture.

(iv) Arts (Excluding Karnataka): The Maurya and Gupta periods; The Khajuraho temples; Jain temples at Mount Abu and the Odishyan temples; Pallava, Chola and Pandyan contributions. The Mughal architecture; Cathedral architecture: Bom Jesus-Old Goa, St. Paul’s- Kolkata and St. Thomas- Chennai. Painting : Ajanta frescoes; Mughal and Rajput schools of painting. Dance and Music: Classical music and dance; Mughal contributions to music. Folk arts of India.

(v) India’s cultural contributions to the outside world: Central Asia, China, Japan, South-East Asia and Sri Lanka.

(vi) Religions of India-

(i) Hindu Dharma: General characteristics and some common beliefs – Purusharthas– rituals and ethics – festivals and sacred days – pilgrimage and fairs. Hindu sects: Hinduism as a federation of various sects – Shaiva, Vaishnava and Shakta. Philosophy of the Upanishad and the Bhagava- Gita – Yoga Philosophy of Pathanjali.

(ii) Jainism: Principles – Ratnatraya, code of morals, Equality (samana), Ahimsa,. Sects: Digambara and Swethambara.

(iii) Buddhism: Principles – Four noble truths, The Eight – fold path, Nirvana, Moral doctrines. Sects:Hinayana and Mahayana.

(iv) Christianity: Teachings of Jesus Christ. Christian doctrines and theology. Groups in Christianity –The Roman Catholic Church, the Eastern orthodox churches and the Protestants churches.Missionary activities in India.(v) Islam: Principles and practices – God, Confession of Faith, Five “Pillars of Islam”, sacred places and days, the family system and the shariah, Sufis of Karnataka, Sects: Shia and Sunni.

(vi) Sikhism: Principles and practices and its Evolution.


Unit 2 : Toward transforming Indian Society: Major schools of thought.

Modern Indian History – from the beginning of 19th Century, Reforms and Reformers,

  1. Eradication of Social and religious wrongs
  2. The Vedas for all – The Casteless society
  3. Ideal of service
  4. Emancipation of the Depressed class
  5. “Two-Nation” theory and Islamic revivalism
  6. Empowerment of the Depressed class through religion and education
  7. Hindutva and Patriotism
  8. The Dravida Movement
  9. Struggle for emancipation of Dalits and their empowerment
  10. Socialist approach and Total Revolution
  11. Gram Swaraj, Satyagraha and Bhoodana


Unit 3 : From Kadambas to the Hoysalas.

(i) Antiquity of Karnataka; Kannada language and literature; Extent of Kannadanadu; State and DistrictGazetteers; Museums and Archives in Karnataka; Preservation and protection of historical monuments –work of Archaeological Survey of India – World Heritage Sites in Karnataka.

(ii) From Kadambas to the Hoysalas : Contributions to Architecture, sculpture, literature and religion.


Unit 4 : The Vijayanagara Empire and thereafter (1336-1799).

(i) Vijayanagara Empire: Origin, aims and aspiration of the Empire – Vidyaranya. Political history : Harihara,Bukka, Immadi Devaraya, Krishnadevaraya and Aliya Ramaraya – The battle of Talikote and its consequences. The glory of the capital – Administration – Society, economy and religion; Arts: Painting; Music, Dance, Literature, Architecture and Sculpture; Foreign accounts of Vijayanagara.

(ii) Religious sects: Shankaracharya, Ramanujacharya, Madhwacharya – Sri Basaveshvara, Veerashaivism and Vachana movement – Haridasa movement – Kalamukha, Shakta and Pashupatha sects.

(iii) The Bahman Shahis : Mahamud Gawan – Contributions of the Bahamani – Adil Shahis of Bijapur: Contributions to literature and architecture – Sufis in Karnataka.

(iv) Chikkadevaraja Wodeyar – Contributions; The Nayakas of Keladi and Chitradurga; Rani Chennamma & Sangolli Rayanna of Kittur, The Yalahanka Nadaprabhu; Hyder Ali and Tippu Sultan (1761-1799).


Unit 5 : Modern Mysore (1799-1947).

(i) Krishna raja Wodeyar lll – his contributions;

(ii) Armed rebellion in Karnataka against the British in Karnataka

(iii) Commissioner’s Rule (1831-1881)

(iv) Nizam’s rule in Hyderabad – Karnataka

(v) Progress of Mysore under the Dewans.

Unit 6 : Freedom Movement in Karnataka and Unification (1885-1956).

(i) Rise of Nationalism; Pre-Gandhian era (1885-1920); Gandhian era (1920-1948).

(ii) Freedom movement in Hyderabad – Karnataka

(iii) Important personalities in Freedom Struggle.

(iv) Unification of Karnataka; Causes for the rise of unification movement – Alur Venkatrao – Role of literacy, cultural associations and print media – Three stages in the unification of Karnataka (1947-1956).

(v) Social and Cultural developments: Spread of education by missionary and voluntary bodies – printing and the press – Literary and Scholarly studies – New literary genres in kannada literature – Backward Class movement – Miller Committee Report, Folk arts of Karnataka.


Section II – Social and Political Perspective – ( 7 units )

  1. Post Independent Karnataka – Towards Political Consolidation – Attempts of Successive Governments – Backward Classes and Social Justice – Reports of : Havnur Committee – Venkataswamy Committee – Chinnappa Reddy Committee – Recent Trends – Dalit Movement – Devaraja Urs and Land Reforms. Language Issue: Gokak Movement – Issues and Perspectives. Inter-State Disputes – Boundary Disputes – Mahajan Committee Report and its impact – Water Disputes – Farmer’s Movement, Regional Imbalance & Nanjundappa committee Report.
  2. Social Change and Movements –Social structure and social change, Theories of Social Change, Social Disorganisation and Social movements, directed social change, social policy and social development.
  3. Social Change and Modernisation – Problems of role conflict – intergenerational gap, youth unrest & commercialization of education, the emergence of India as Educational Force – changing status of women and social movements, industrialization and urbanization, role of pressure groups, Sanskritisation, westernisation and modernization – Modernism versus traditionalism. Current social evils – fundamentalism and terrorism,Naxalism, Nepotism, corruption, and black money.
  4. Government and Political System – Legislature, Executive and Judiciary, the functioning of the democratic political system in a traditional society, political party and their social composition.
  5. Decentralisation of power – Decentralisation of power and political participation. Union Government, Parliament, Cabinet, Supreme court, Judicial review, Center-State relations, State government, role of Governor, Panchayathi raj, class and caste in Indian politics, politics of regionalism, linguism, and communalism. Problems of secularisation policy and national integration, Political participation & voting, vote bank politics.
  6. Socio Economic System – The Jajmani system and its bearing on traditional society. Market Economy and its social consequences, Occupational diversification and social structure, Profession and professionalisation, role of trade unions, social determinants and consequence of economical development, economic inequalities, exploitation and corruption, Globalisation and its social impact.
  7. Rural Social system and Rural Development – Socio cultural dimensions of village community, traditional power structure, democratization and leadership, poverty, indebtedness, bonded labour, social consequences of land reforms, Rural development projects, green revolution, new strategies of rural development, the changing rural scene.


Section III – Indian Economy – Planning- Rural Development (8 units)

  1. Indian Economy – Post independence growth – the experience of agriculture, industry and tertiary sectors, growth and distributive justice. Poverty and inequality, Growth of Karnataka Economy during the plan era, growth and sectoral changes and linkages in the State Economy.
  2. India and International economic relations – Growth and trade – volume, composition and direction of exports and imports, domestic and foreign capital in economic development, changes in India’s foreign trade policy, balance of payments and foreign exchange. Karnataka’s exports – volume, composition, and direction.
  3. Development patterns and disparities among regions and between rural and urban areas, public policies to mitigate disparities, prospects and problems of Special economic zones. Development disparities in Karnataka and public policies, Redressel of development disparities. Regional development boards.
  4. Planning – Planning goals, objectives and approaches, achievements and failures of five year plans (I to VII Five year plans). Development plans under the new economic policies regime (VIII Five year plan onwards). Planning in Karnataka.
  5. Decentralization – pros and cons of top-down planning and bottom-up planning, planning mechanism and experience in Panchayathi raj institutions, planning and capacity building, planning and financing. Decentralized planning in Karnataka, Resource mobilization and devolution. District Planning Committee, State finances and local finances. State finance commission.
  6. Rural Development – Importance of agriculture in the national economy, Gandhian approach to rural development and land reforms, size of farms and productivity, problems of irrigation and dry land farming, food security, rural credit, agricultural marketing, agricultural labour, rural industries and employment. Agricultural problems in Karnataka, Rural Economic infrastructure (Energy, Irrigation, Transport, Communication, Markets), Rural Social Infrastructure – Housing, Drinking water, Sanitation & Drainage, Rural Health systems and their delivery. Development of Economic and Social infrastructure in Karnataka, Rural markets in Karnataka. Rural housing and health care schemes in Karnataka.
  7. Rural Development Initiatives – Poverty Alleviation-cum-Employment generation Programmes, Five Year Plan and inclusive growth, rural financial institutions, Development and conservation of common property resources in rural areas – village grasslands and woods, water bodies, Provision of urban amenities in rural areas (PURA). Rural Development schemes in Karnataka, self help groups and micro finance institutions in Karnataka, External assistance for rural tank rejuvenation, drinking water, sanitation and healthcare in Karnataka.
  8. Data Collection Analysis- Interpretation- Collection, Interpretation and Appreciation of Statistical Data- Study of Graphs and Charts:– Bar Graphs, Line Graphs and Pie Charts- Problems Based on Tabular and Diagrammatical Data- Data Sufficiency in Statistics- Problems Based on Probability- Permutations and Combinations-Quantitative Aptitude – Number Sequences, Series, Averages, Number Systems, Ratio and Proportion, Profit and Loss, Percentages, Time and work, Speed-Time-Distance, Simple Interest, Analytical and Critical Reasoning, Reading Comprehension.


PAPER – III General Studies 2

 Section I – Physical Features and Natural Resources


  1. Lithosphere-Place of Earth in the Solar System, Rocks, Earthquakes, Volcanoes, Plate tectonics, Agents of Erosion. Atmosphere – Structure and Composition –Elements of Climate and weather – Broad Climatic types. Hydrosphere – World Oceans Salinity – Ocean currents and Tides – Ocean Deposits.
  2. Physiography of Continents and Demographic distribution – Mountains, Rivers, Forests, Grass lands, Deserts, Human Races, Population Change, distribution and demographic transition, density, sex ratio, quality of life, life expectancy, literacy, standard of living and migration.



  1. Physiography of India – Climate, Rivers, Soil, Natural vegetation. Mineral Resources: Iron ore and Manganese – Copper and Bauxite Coal, Petroleum and Natural Gas, Nuclear Deposits. Major crops-, Distribution and production of cereals, millets, oilseeds, plantation crops, commercial crops. Indian Demography – Growth, Composition, Distribution, Density, Human Development Index. Demographic Database.
  2. Industrial Planning and Development : Growth and Distribution of Major, Medium, Small and Tiny Industries – Industrial regions of India. Industrial infrastructure – Railways, Roads, and Ports. Backward regions and rural industrialisaton. Regional Planning and Development -Tribal and hill areas, drought prone areas, command areas and river basins. Classification of Towns and Cities. Urban Structure.


  1. Physiographic divisions – Climate, Rivers, rainfall distribution, Natural vegetation and Soil. Agriculture and Agro climatic regions, Major crops, Plantation and commercial crops of Karnataka. Mineral Resources of Karnataka. Sources of Power (Hydro, Thermal, Solar, Nuclear and Wind). Major, Medium and Small Scale industries, Agro based Industries. Transportation and Communication Systems in Karnataka. Geographic information system .
  2. Urban Land use Policy and Urbanisation – Demographic features Literacy and Urbanisation. Population Problems and policies, Literacy, City classification and urban spheres of influence, rural urban fringe, problems of urban growth. Land use, Town planning, slums and urban housing. Intra and Inter regional trade and the role of rural Market centers.


Section II – Overview of Indian Constitution (7 units)

  1. Nature of the Constitution- Constitutional developments, , salient features of Constitution: Preamble, Directive Principles of State Policy, Indian federation, etc.,
  2. Fundamental rights – Right to Equality, Right to Freedom, Right against exploitation, Right to freedom of religion, Cultural and Educational rights, Right to Constitutional remedies. Reasonable restrictions – Provision for schedule caste, schedule tribe and minorities, Reservations for SC/ST and OBC’s, preventions of SC/ST Atrocities Act, National and State SC/ST Commission
  3. Distribution of Legislative powers – Between the Union and the State, Administrative and Financial relations between the union and the states, Powers and functions of constitutional bodies. Powers and Functions – Governor, Council of Ministers and Cabinet, Judicial remedies.
  4. Unicameral and Bicameral legislations – Functions and crisis of accountability, delegated legislation, Legislative procedure and committees of legislature, legislative and judicial control over the delegated legislation, judicial review of administrative action. Comptroller and Auditor General of India, Attorney General of India.
  5. Important Amendments of the Constitution – Basic structure theory, Emergency provisions and decentralization, Panchayathi raj, Seventy-third and Seventy-fourth amendments etc.,
  1. Welfare mechanism in India – Directive principles of State policy and their relationships, Right to property, Election Commission, Public Service Commissions, Women’s commission, National and State Minorities commission, Backward Commission, Human Rights Commission, Information Commission, Finance Commission, Planning Commission, National Development Council.
  2. Services under the Union and State – Constitutional provisions relating to Government and public servants.


Section III- Public Administration and Management – International Relations ( 7 Units)

  1. Private and Public Administration – its role in society, Public Administration as an art and a science, New Public Administration and New Public Management. Responsive Administration. Difference between administration and management. Difference between public and private administration.
  2. Structure of Organisation – Personnel, Financial, Administrative Law, Maintenance of Law and Order, Administration for Welfare. Issues of Areas in Indian Administration. Development Administration.
  3. Organisational Behaviour and Management Concepts; Organisation structure, systems, Processes, Strategies, Policies and Objectives, Decision making, Communication, Centralisation, Decentralisation, Delegation of authority, Responsibility, Control.
  4. Formal and informal Organisation, – Functional management: Finance, HR, Marketing, Production, Leadership and Motivation.
  5. Management Tools and Techniques: Decision making under uncertainty, PERT & CPM, PIME, POSD-CORB, SWOT Analysis, Performance Standards and appraisal, PDCA Cycle, Personnel Policies, Manpower – Policy and Planning, Training and Development, Conflict Management, Management of change and development. Team Building, quality tools (Brain Storming, nominal group technique, pareto chart, fishbone diagram and process chart).
  6. Administrative Reforms, Ethics and Values in Public Service, Public Relations, Good Governance,Accountability and control, Program monitoring and evaluation, Lokpal and Lokayukta, Redressel of Citizens grievances, District Administration and Panchayathi Raj System, Law and Order and Development Functions, Development Programmes. Welfare Programmes for SC/ST and women. People’s participation. Administrative Reforms Commissions – Central and State.
  1. United Nations and Specialised Agencies, Other International Organisations and Agencies – Origin and development of UNO – Role in International Relations, General Assembly, Security Council, Economic and Social Council, Trusteeship Council, International Court of Justice, UN and Peace Keeping Operations, UN and Disarmaments, Future of UN. Special Agencies like WHO, ILO, FAO etc., International Organisations like IMF, World Bank, ADB, WTO, EU, ASEAN, SAARC, AU, NATO, NAM, OPEC, G-8, IAEA, etc., Role of Developing countries in International Relations, India and her Neighbours. Etc.,


PAPER – IV General Studies 3

 Section-I, Role and Impact of Science and Technology in Development of Indian, Information Technology In Public Domain

  1.  Basics of Science and Technology.

Classical and emerging areas of science and Technology (S&T)- Value Addition by Science & Technology- Current Science & Technology developments in India and Importance of Science & Technology as an engine for national development- Industrial development & Urbanization- National policy of Science & Technology ; changes in policy from time to time ; Technology missions- ICT: Basics Computers, Communication, Telephone and Television- Broadband, Internet, & Web-IT industries, BPO, economic & employment growth- E-governance, E-commerce & E-learning- IT& Rural applications, Digital divide & its prevention- Computers in Mass Media.

  1. SPACE Science and Technology

A brief history of global space programmes, and current space programmes.Space programme in India- INSAT, IRS systems, EDUSAT, and Chandrayana-1, Etc., and future programme.  Application of Space technology in India with special references to Educational, Agricultural and Other Rural Developmental Activities.

  1. Energy Resources

Indian Energy scenario- Hydel, Thermal, Nuclear, & Renewable; their potential, harnessing & options. Importance of renewable resources- Solar, Wind, Small/ Mini/ Micro Hydel, Biomass, Waste based, Geothermal, Tidal, Hydrogen & Fuel cells. Enabling legislations, financial and procedural incentives, and business opportunities for investors.

  1. Disasters, Pests and Pollution Climatic Change – floods, cyclone, tsunami, natural and manmade disasters and disaster management. Crop science in India, Fertilizers, Control of Pests and Crop Diseases,Safe Drinking water & supply,Sanitation and Waste disposal,Urbanization, Industrialization, and Pollution control.
  2. Related Perceptions
  • Universalizing Science and Technology literacy;
  • Technology with a Human Face
  • Human Development Index (HDI)
  • Contribution to Growth of GDP
  • Facing Global competition
  • Preservation & promotion of culture and indigenous knowledge
  1. Knowledge Society Human capital, its power, imparting education, Skill, & Values. Role of Knowledge for Economic growth, Social development, Cultural enrichment & political empowerment.Achieving goals around Knowledge: Eradication of poverty; Universal primary education; Gender equality.
  2. Rural Upliftment and Science & Technology Advance Infrastructure in Rural Areas, Establishing Physical, Electronic, Knowledge, & Economic Connectivity. Regional Language: Usage in ICT Horticulture: Hybrid seed production with R&D; Set up Fruit and vegetable processing plants, packaging & Marketing. Agro Food Processing: Forming village clusters and establishing Food Storage, Food Processing, and Food Packaging & Marketing.Bio-fuel cultivation and extraction, Scientific Water harvesting.


Section II: Advancement and Modern Trends in Natural Sciences, Life Sciences, Agricultural Science, Health and Hygiene – (7 Units)

  1.  Natural Science Plants – crop plants, forest species, medicinal and aromatic plants, usefulness of plants and human affairs (utility), photosynthesis, transpiration, harmful plants.Common classification of animals – domestic and wild animals. Usefulness of animals and human affairs (utility). Microorganisms: Common bacteria, virus, fungi and their beneficial and harmful effect on mankind.
  2. Agriculture Science Agriculture scenario and importance of agriculture in the national and state economy. Crop production and protection. Chemical Fertilizers and Vermi compost. Cost benefit and investment analysis of agricultural enterprises. Programmes for production and productivity enhancement – green, white, yellow, blue revolutions. Recent trends in organic farming and farm mechanization. Farming systems and sustainability. Agro-processing and agro-based industries.Post-harvest technology and value addition. Management of land and water resources.
  3. Horticulture and Sericulture Importance of Horticulture-floriculture, vegetables, fruits, plantation crops, spices, aromatic and medicinal plants. Hi- tech horticulture (green / poly house cultivation). Post-harvest management and value addition. Special promotional programmes for horticulture development. Sericulture: Importance of sericulture in India and Karnataka, distribution of mulberry and non-mulberry sericulture (area, production and productivity across states), cocoon production.
  4. Initiatives in Biotechnology Concept of biotechnology, introduction and application of genetic engineering and stem cells research. Molecular breeding and marker assisted selection. Transgenic plants (genetically modified) and their beneficial and harmful effects on environment and society. Biotechnology in agriculture (bio-fertilizers, bio-pesticides, bio-fuels, tissue culture, cloning).Food bio-technology, food safety and microbial standards, food quality standards, food laws and regulations.
  5. Animal Husbandry (veterinary, dairy and fishery sciences) Importance of livestock in the national and state economy. Important exotic and Indian breeds of cattle, buffalo, sheep, goat, swine and poultry.Milk production management and dairy development. Milk Cooperative Unions and their role in rural economy- AMUL, KMF.Fisheries resources in India-Marine fisheries resources and potential, exclusive economic zone of India, coastal aquaculture and Mari culture. Inland water resources, commercially important fishes, responsible fishing. Ornamental fish production. Value addition of livestock products and quality control.
  1. Agriculture development policies, programmes and trade , Salient Features of National and Karnataka state agricultural policies, Agriculture Price Policy, National Seed Policy, Agricultural Credit Policy, National Agricultural Research System (NARS). Farmers welfare programmes in India,Farm women development programmes, Agriculture under Five Year Plans, Development  strengthening of agricultural marketing infrastructure-Grading and Standardization, Crop Insurance Scheme-National Agricultural Insurance Scheme (NAIS), Weather Based Crop Insurance Scheme (WBCIS), Food Security, National Watershed Development Programme, Export potential of agriculture-horticulture-livestock products. Commercialization and globalization of agriculture- WTO, AoA (Agreement on Agriculture).
  2. Health and Hygiene Human – Digestive, circulatory, respiratory, excretory and reproductive systems. Allopathic, Indian System of Medicine, Naturopathy and Yoga (AYUSH), NRHM, National HIV Programme, Tuberculosis programme, P and SM (Preventive and Social Medicine), Diseases – Communicable diseases, epidemic diseases, endemic diseases, vector borne diseases. Basic knowledge of infections caused by different groups of microorganisms – Gastroenteritis, cholera,tuberculosis, malaria, viral infections, HIV, encephalitis, chikungunya, bird flu, dengue, preventive measures during out breaks. Vaccines, introduction to immunity, production of DPT and rabies vaccine and hepatitis vaccine. Application of immunological methods in diagnosis. Health awareness Programme, Etc.,


Section – III Challenges and Issues of Development on Environment & Ecology (6 units)

  1.  Environmental Segments: Promotion and protection –forest conservation and environmentalism. Protection of Wild Life, Project Tiger, National parks and Sanctuaries, Impact of mining on forest and environment. Red Data Book: Endangered species, Eco Tourism and any other related current issues.
  2. Natural Resources: Forest – Types and conservation of forest and forest resources. Water resources-flood and drought occurrences, water resource management, Land resources. Rain water harvesting, Infrastructure development – Dams, Roads, Rails, Bridges, Industry, urbanization and waste water management, acquisition and rehabilitation and other issues due to human interventions and any other related current issues.
  3. Eco System and Biodiversity – Ecology – Basic concepts of ecology, Eco System, Food Chain, Biodiversity and its conservation, Hot spots of Biodiversity, threats to diversity, forest sustainable development and management, any other related current issues, IPR.
  4. Environment Pollution and Solid Waste Management – Air Pollution, Water pollution, Soil Pollution, Noise Pollution and remedies. Solid waste Management- Types of Solid waste management, factors affecting the solid waste generation, Impact of solid waste, Recycling and reuse. Any other related Current issues. Environment protection Act, Air (prevention and control of pollution), water (prevention and control of pollution), water pollution Cess Act.
  5. Role of Information Technology in Environment and Human Health – Global Environmental issues like Climate change, acid rains, global warming, wasteland reclamation, watershed management, watershed approach for sustainable development, linking of rivers, water crisis. Any other related current issues.
  6. State community-civil society interface, Joint forest management system – community participation,Development, Displacement and Rehabilitation. Disaster Management, Sustainable Forest Development. Flood, earthquake, drought, tsunami, Global warming – Ozone layer, CFC, carbon credit.


PAPER – V General Studies 4

 Section-I: Ethics

Essence, determinants and consequences of ethics in human action, dimensions of ethics, ethics in private and public relationships. Ethics in public administration, status and problems, ethical dilemmas in government and private institutions, laws, rules, regulations and conscience as source of ethical guidance; Accountability and ethical governance, strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance, ethical issues in international relations and funding, corporate governance; Concept of public service, philosophical basis of governance, information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, codes of ethics, codes of conduct, citizen charters, work culture, quality of service delivery, utilization of public fund, challenges of corruption.

Human values- lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers, administrators, Role of family, society, and educational institutions in inculcating values.

Section-II: Integrity

Integrity, impartiality and non- partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections,

Section-III: Aptitude

Aptitude and foundational values for civil service, Content, structure, function, its relation with thoughts and behavior, moral and political attitudes, social influence and persuasion,

Aptitude and foundational values for civil service, emotional intelligence and their utilities and application in administration and governance, contributions of moral thinkers from India and the world.

Case studies of above issues.


Optional subjects:

  1. Agriculture, Agricultural Marketing Co-operation and Sericulture
  2. Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Sciences and Fisheries
  3. Botany
  4. Chemistry
  5. Civil Engineering
  6. Commerce
  7. Criminology
  8. Economics
  9. Electrical Engineering
  10. Geography
  11. Law
  12. Mathematics
  13. History
  14. Mechanical Engineering
  15. Philosophy
  16. Geology
  17. Physics
  18. Political Science & International Relations
  19. Psychology
  20. Public Administration
  21. Sociology
  22. Statistics
  23. Zoology
  24. Rural Development & Co-operation
  25. Hindi
  26. Anthropology
  27. Urdu
  28. Kannada
  29. English
  30. Management